Asthma is a chronic condition affecting the lungs.  Asthma can affect people of all ages, but often it starts in childhood. The disease is due to the narrowing of the bronchial airways from inflammation along with the smooth muscle tightening causing bronchoconstriction episodes.

ASTHMA: “For moderate to severe persistent asthma additional treatments can be required including the use of inhaled corticosteroids.  When inhaled corticosteroids and other treatments fail to control asthma or you have severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype, you may need an injectable or infusible biologic treatment.”

NASAL POLYPS: “Nasal polyps are soft, painless, noncancerous growths on the lining of your nasal passages or sinuses. They hang down like teardrops or grapes. They result from chronic inflammation and are associated with asthma, recurring infection, allergies, drug sensitivity or certain immune disorders. Small nasal polyps may not cause symptoms. Larger growths or groups of nasal polyps can block your nasal passages or lead to breathing problems, a lost sense of smell and frequent infections. Treatment options include medications and surgery for removal.  Injectable biologic treatments are available.”

The triggers can include:

  • Airborne substances such as pollen, spores, pet dander, dust

  • Exercise
  • Chemical fumes, gases or dust
  • Cold, dry weather
  • Strong emotions and stress
  • Respiratory infections

Typical symptoms* include:

  • Wheezing

  • Chest tightness or even pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Coughing

*Symptoms can vary from person to person as to the actual symptom as well as time of occurrence.

Treatment* medications include:

*Asthma has no cures, but is manageable with today’s treatments. Moderate to severe asthma may require the use of certain infusion and injectable medications.

For additional information please visit American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Additional information about Nasal Polyps can be found here: LINK